Water Borne Diseases In India- Cause And Prevention

Water is one of the fundamental needs of all human beings. Water participates in almost all body functions like digestion, brain function, blood circulation, and various others. It also eliminates the body’s waste. Thus you should drink water at optimum concentration regularly. Waterborne diseases in India are one of the most dangerous diseases.

But these days water pollution is increasing with each passing day. And with the increasing water pollution, getting waterborne disease has also increased in recent years. The sickness which occurs due to the consumption of contaminated water refers to waterborne diseases. Due to waterborne illness, millions of people lose their lives every year across the world. 

This article has listed some common causes of waterborne diseases and their prevention; thus, read this article till the end.

Waterborne Disease Causes?

Waterborne disease occurs due to contaminated water drinking. However, here are some of the microbial causes of waterborne diseases.

1. Bactria:

Water supports life, and due to this reason, water becomes home to various kinds of bacteria such as E.coli. This bacteria is considered one of the most potential disease-causing bacteria. The reason for this, is it secrets a toxic that affects the human intestine, resulting in anemia. 

2. Virus :

As we know, that virus is the connective link between living and non-living things. The virus remains in an inactive condition until it reaches its host cell. Once the virus receives its host cell, it gets activated and affects the cells. The most common type of waterborne disease caused by the virus is Hepatitis A & E. 

3. Protozoa:

It is commonly found in microbes in water, although its size is larger than Bacteria and Viruses. Consuming water contaminated by Protozoa leads to various health issues. However, the most common one is Cryptosporidium and Giardia.

How Can We Prevent Water-Related Diseases In India?

The waterborne disease can cure with the help of safe drinking water. Water which is entirely free from pollutants is considered safe drinking water. Previously getting safe drinking water was not easy, but bringing safe drinking water has become relatively easy due to technological advancements.

To get contamination-free water, you need to have a correctly working water purifier at your home. If you already have a water purifier, you can book your RO service to ensure that you have access to safe drinking water.

water borne diseases in india
Water Borne Diseases Images

The advancement in technology has increased the percentage of households in India. It provided with safe drinking water from 62% in 1991 to 86% in 2011. But still, there is some rural area where people do not have access to pure and healthy water. According to the WHO report, the number of waterborne diseases is high in rural areas than in urban areas.

Symptoms Of Waterborne Diseases:

The Symptoms of waterborne diseases in India vary depending on the disease

1.     A person with a waterborne disease has stomach cramps.
2.     That person feels uneasy.
3.     A person with a waterborne disease can have diarrhea.
4.     Feel like vomiting or stomach
5.     it can cause many other diseases such as cholera and many more.
6.     That person can not sleep properly
7.     They feel uneasy in their whole body.
8.     It can also increase their blood pressure.
If any person feels cramps in their stomach, feels like vomiting, and uneasy. Then it can be waterborne disease symptoms.

Role Of Water In Disease Transmission:

There are some role of water in disease transmission which is listed below.

1.      The microbiological quality of the drinking water can transmit the disease.
2.     It has been implicated in spreading important infectious in the body.
3.     it has more parasitic diseases that include hepatitis and many more.
4.      There are many waterborne diseases in India. It includes cholera, typhoid, dysentery, hepatitis, giardiasis, and guinea worm.
5.      Many other diseases are associated with water in many other ways.
6.     If a person drinks not so purify water, then that water spread into the body and transmits disease to the whole body.

Use Water Purification System Avoid Waterborne Disease:

According to the report, by the end of 2024, water purifier sales will touch $4.1 billion. However still, in India, one people lose their life due to waterborne disease in every four houses. India is the largest consumer of groundwater. 25% of the total groundwater consumption occurs in India. Hence, waterborne diseases in India spread rapidly among the people who consume groundwater. 

Not all infected people lose their lives, but those who survive have weakened immune systems. As a result, they become prone to other health issues as our immune system protects us from getting sick. The victim of waterborne disease is child and old aged people. It is because their immune system does not perform well. 

Frequency Asked Question:

Ques: Is cholera a waterborne disease?

Cholera is a diarrhoeal infection caused by food. or water ingestion contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae in the body. Cholera in a body remains a global threat to public health. And it is an indicator of inequity and lack of social development in the body. So yes, it is a waterborne disease in India.

Ques: Is jaundice a waterborne disease?

This jaundice condition is contracted through contact with contaminated soil or water. and contact with the blood, urine, and many other tissues of the animals. And some other living beings that have the disease. It is also called Yellow fever. This is not a water-borne disease in India.

Ques: What are the classifications of water-borne diseases?

Waterborne diseases in India are classified into four groups. 

  • First Group A is diarrheal diseases.
  • Second Group B is parasitological diseases. 
  • Third Group C is skin diseases.
  • Last Group D eye diseases. 

These diarrheal, parasitological, and skin diseases were the most reported in a person’s body.

Ques: Is tuberculosis a waterborne disease?

The relevant pathogens may be viruses, bacteria, or can be fungi. Many common infections will spread by airborne transmission. and that are tuberculosis, influenza, and smallpox in the body. In India, waterborne diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms. and the most transmitted through contamination by freshwater.

Ques: Can you get malaria from drinking water?

 A big No – the parasite of malaria is not transmitted via saliva. The malaria parasite can only reproduce in your blood, and you can’t catch it by drinking pure water. There are many waterborne diseases in India. , dirty water can carry other dangerous diseases but not malaria. Thus, it can catch such as yellow fever or typhoid.

Ques: Is hepatitis a waterborne disease?

Hepatitis is a broad term for inflammation disease of the liver. It has a large number of infectious and non-infectious causes of this disease. Two of these viruses that cause hepatitis in the body are hepatitis A and E. It can transmit in your body through water and food. Hygiene is essential in their control and can cause it.

Ques: Is cancer a waterborne disease?

Yes, we can say that the most substantial evidence for a cancer-risk person. It involves arsenic because of these. which is the link to cancers of the liver. Waterborne diseases in India attack the lung, bladder, and kidneys. The use of chlorine for water treatment reduces the risk of infectious diseases. It may account for a substantial portion of the cancer risk associated with drinking water.

Ques: Is dysentery a waterborne disease?

The intestinal infection of dysentery is a waterborne disease characterized by severe diarrhea. As well as the blood or mucus in the stool can cause dysentery. Dysentery is a good reason always to wash your hands before everything. This dysentery disease is spread through poor hygiene by the people.


Waterborne disease in India is prevalent because it includes many diseases. The disease’s symptoms above already mention what a person can face when they have waterborne disease. If you follow the prevention that are already mentioned, then any person can easily fight this disease.

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